Ethics, Morality, Tolerance in International Relations: The Case of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the evolution of the parallel and conflicting geo-political and geo-strategic interests of all the regional and non regional actors. This is all the more necessary as we hear and read more and more about Palestinian interest in “One State Solution.” This new shift in Palestinian strategic thinking is due to the irresistible demographic reality within the Palestinian territories and within Israel, not to mention the crucial and thorniest issue of the Palestinian refugees still scattered in many Arab countries. Thus, it becomes imperative to try to see what mechanisms and mutual concessions might be used in order to stop or, at least, to limit the dichotomy between Israeli territorial expansionism and Palestinian irredentism as proclaimed and glorified by HAMAS. Another concern is the increasingly violent psychological warfare used by various Islamists, often non-Palestinians, in demonizing the Jews as Jews. This is why the paper will use basic rules and principles of ethics, morality, and tolerance to transform the dialectics of occupation-resistance into a rational dialogue using interfaith prescriptive methods to combat and overcome all violations of human dignity. In his introduction to The Age of Human Rights, Norberto Bobbio wrote: The recognition and the protection of human rights are the foundation of modern democratic constitutions…Human rights, democracy, and peace are the three essential components of the same historical movement: If human rights are not recognized and protected, there is no democracy, and without democracy, the minimal conditions for a peaceful settlement of conflicts do not exist.
Keywords: Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process, Ethics, Morality, Tolerance, Human Rights
Abdelwahab Hiba Hechiche
Professor, Department of Government and international Affairs, University of South Florida